Nobel Prizes for the The atomic, ionic and molecular constitution of the chemical world
The nature of our world has always fascinated human beings. Leukippos and his student Demokritos (about 400 BC) developed a theory that said that everything was composed of atoms which were the smallest unique component of matter that could not be further divided. It took scientists a long time to get a better insight into this matter. JJ Thompson, Rutherford and Bohr gave improved insight into the composition of atoms. With the discovery of X-rays by Röntgen a much improved possibility to investigate the structure of matter. In particular von Laue, and father and son Bragg developed unique methods of investigating matter. The early workers were for a considerable time not believed. The lecture will cover the explosion in insights in the chemistry of matter during essentially the last 100 years.